Relationship between the minima of the horizontal magnetic component measured in Mexico and the Dst and SYM-H indices for geomagnetic storms with Dst≤ -100nT during the descending phase of solar cycle 23
Abstract In this paper, we analyze the time delay between the occurrence of the minima in the geomagnetic Dst, SYM-H indices and the horizontal magnetic component (H) measured in the Teoloyucan Magnetic Observatory (TEO) of Mexico. This difference was calculated in Universal Time for 15 geomagnetic storms (Dst≤-100nT) occurred during the descending phase of solar cycle 23. We found that, when the TEO was at the dayside, dawn and dusk, the time difference was negative, indicating that the minimum appeared first in the Dst, SYM-H reported by Kyoto, and afterwards in the H reported by TEO. On the other hand, when the TEO was close to midnight the difference was positive, indicating that the minimum occurred first at TEO and afterwards in Dst. We noticed that 14 out of 15 geomagnetic storms followed this behavior, except the most intense one of the sample. For the rest of the storms, it seems that the cause of the delay is not the intensity of the magnetic field at minimum but the intensity of the current systems present during the storm occurrences.
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Instituto de Geofísica
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