Relative mycorrhizal dependency and mycorrhizanematode interaction in banana cultivars (Musa spp.) differing in nematode susceptilibity

Four Musa cultivars, differing in nematode susceptibility, were selected to study their relative mycorrhizal dependency and to study the interaction between the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF), Glomus mosseae, and two migratory endoparasitic nematodes, Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus coffeae. Mycorrhization with G. mosseae resulted in significantly better plant growth, even in the presence of R. similis and P. coffeae. No differences in relative mycorrhizal dependency (RMD) were observed among the four cultivars. G. mosseae suppressed nematode population build-up in Grande Naine and Pisang Jari Buaya. Only in the case of R. similis (Indonesian population) in Pisang Jari Buaya, no significant suppression was observed. In the case of P. coffeae, the AMF reduced the damage in the roots, caused by the nematodes. For R. similis, no reduction of damage was observed. In all, except one experiment, the frequency of the mycorrhizal colonisation was negatively affected by the nematodes.

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Swennen, Rony L., Baimey, H., Waele, D. de, Elsen, A.
Format: Journal Article biblioteca
Published: Springer 2003
Subjects:bananas, glomus mosseae, nematodes, symbiosis,
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