Effect of single or dual inoculation of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae and root‑nodulating rhizobacteria on reproduction of the burrowing nematode Radopholus similis on non‑leguminous and leguminous banana intercrops
The bio-protective effect of either single or dual mycorrhizal (AMF) and rhizobial colonisation of the roots of non-leguminous and leguminous banana intercrops differing in host response to Radopholus similis on the reproduction of this important migratory endoparasitic nematode was examined. Included in the study were sorgho-Sudan grass (good R. similis host), sweet potato and common bean (intermediate hosts), soybean and sunn hemp (poor hosts), and marigold (non-host). Significant plant growth-promoting effect of single AMF and rhizobial colonisation in the good and intermediate R. similis hosts sorgho-Sudangrass (AMF) and common bean (AMF and rhizobium), respectively, was observed whereas this plant growth-promoting effect was absent in the other intercrops with the exception of sunn hemp with significant plant growth-promoting effect of AMF colonisation on fresh root weight. An additive plant growth-promoting effect of dual AMF and rhizobial colonisation (on fresh shoot weight) was only observed in the poor R. similis host soybean. Single AMF and rhizobial colonisation also resulted in a significant bio-protective effect against R. similis in sorgho-Sudangrass (AMF), sweet potato cv. Inzovu (AMF) and common bean (AMF and rhizobium). The growth-promoting and bio-protective effects of AMF colonisation were clearly present in the good and intermediate R. similis hosts with moderate to high relative mycorrhizal dependency (RMD) values ranging from 47% (sorgho-Sudangrass) to 65% (common bean) but absent in the intermediate R. similis host sweet potato, which had a negative RMD value, and in the poor and non- R. similis hosts. Overall, no suppressive effect of R. similis infection on AMF and rhizobial colonisation was observed except in soybean and sunn hemp in which AMF colonisation was significantly reduced.
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|Journal Article biblioteca
|bananas, intercropping, biological control agents, bradyrhizobium japonicum, glomus mosseae, nematodes, musa, fungi, rhizobium, root nodulation, rhizobacteria,
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