Metazoan parasite infracommunities of the dusky flounder (Syacium papillosum) as bioindicators of environmental conditions in the continental shelf of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Background: We assessed metrics of the metazoan parasite infracommunities of the dusky founder (Syacium papillosum) as indicators of aquatic environmental health of the Yucatan Shelf (YS) prior to oil extraction. We sampled the dusky founder and its parasites along the YS, mostly during the 2015 north wind season (November-April). Our aims were: (i) to determine whether the parasite infracommunity metrics of S. papillosum exhibit signifcant diferences among YS subregions; (ii) to determine whether the probability of the occurrence of its parasite species and individu‑ als were afected by environmental variables, nutrients, heavy metals and hydrocarbons at the seascape level; and (iii) to determine whether there were statistical diferences between the parasite infracommunity metrics of S. papillosum from YS and those of Syacium gunteri from the Campeche Sound. Multivariate statistical analyses and generalised additive models (GAMs) were used to examine the potential statistical associations between the contaminants, environmental variables and parasite community metrics, and the maximum entropy algorithm (MaxEnt) was used to characterise the habitat's suitability for the parasite's probability of occurrence. Results: We recovered 48 metazoan parasite species from 127 S. papillosum, with larval cestodes and digeneans being the most numerically-dominant. Multivariate analyses showed signifcant diferences in parasite infracommu‑ nity metrics among Western YS, Mid YS and Caribbean subregions, with the latter being the richest in species but not in individuals. The GAM and MaxEnt results indicated a negative efect of top predators (e.g. sharks and rays) removal on parasite metrics. The parasite infracommunities of S. papillosum were twice as rich in the number of species and individuals as those reported for S. gunteri from the Campeche Sound. Conclusions: The significant differences among subregions in parasite metrics were apparently due to the interruption of the Yucatan current during the north wind season. The fishing of top predators in combination with an influx of nutrients and hydrocarbons in low concentrations coincides with an increase in larval cestodes and digeneans in S. papillosum. The dusky founder inhabits a region (YS) with a larger number of metazoan parasite species compared with those available for S. gunteri in the Campeche Sound, suggesting better environmental conditions for transmis‑ sion in the YS.

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Vidal Martínez, Víctor Manuel Doctor 1962- autor 21141, Velázquez Abunader, Iván autor, Centeno Chalé, Óscar Arturo autor, May Tec, Ana Luisa autora, Soler Jiménez, Lilia Catherinne autora, Pech Pool, Daniel Guadalupe Doctor autor 12323, Mariño Tapia, Ismael autor, Enriquez, Cecilia autora, Zapata Pérez, José Omar autor 14957, Herrera Silveira, Jorge Alfredo autor 13940, Hernández Mena, David Iván autor, Herzka, Sharon Z. autora, Ordóñez López, Uriel Maestro autor 14289, Aguirre Macedo, María Leopoldina autora
Format: Texto biblioteca
Subjects:Syacium papillosum, Syacium gunteri, Parásitos de peces, Indicadores biológicos, Hidrocarburos, Metales pesados, Contaminación del agua, Plataforma continental, Artfrosur,
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