Armenia : Sustainable and Strategic Decision Making in Mining

This paper aims to inform Armenia's policy dialogue on environmental and social issues in the mining sector. The paper is based on the premise that for the mining sector to have positive, long-term impacts in Armenia, it is necessary to take into consideration the short- and long-term environmental and social impacts of the sector and to promote strategic planning and efficient management of natural resources. The mining sector in Armenia has yet to adopt global best practices in this sector, and this paper aims to provide guidance on some of the mechanisms that can be adopted to improve the governance and overall impact of mining in the country. The document is structured as follows: chapter one presents an introduction to this thematic paper. Chapter two provides an overview of the mining sector in Armenia, including its underpinning institutional and regulatory framework. It also singles out policy gaps and regulatory inconsistencies that need to be addressed. Chapter three presents some useful lessons of the application of SESA as a tool for sustainable planning of mining development in the country. This chapter also compares uses of an SESA versus Environmental Impact Assessments and defines the need and use of CIAs. Chapter four describes the principles of valuation of natural capital as a means to complement traditional cost-benefit analysis and comparisons of development alternatives in the decision-making process. Chapter five looks at the design and implementation of benefit-sharing mechanisms to ensure that the mining activities lead to positive social impacts across the country. Chapter six looks at the process of determining and dealing with the social costs of mining in Armenia. Chapter seven provides a series of conclusions and recommendations as well as implementation challenges that would summarize the application of such recommendations in present-day Armenia and its mining sector.

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: World Bank
Format: Mining/Oil and Gas biblioteca
Language:English
en_US
Published: Washington, DC 2014-06
Subjects:ACCESS TO INFORMATION, ACID DRAINAGE, ACID RAIN, AIR POLLUTION, AIR QUALITY, ALUMINUM, AQUIFERS, ARSENIC, BENEFICIATION, BENEFIT ANALYSIS, BEQUEST VALUE, BLUEPRINT, BOILERS, CADMIUM, CHROMIUM, CITIZENS, CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS, CLIMATE CHANGE, CLOSURE PLANS, CLOSURES, COAL, COAL MINING, COAL MINING INDUSTRY, COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, COMPENSATION OF DAMAGES, CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABILITY, CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK, CONSUMPTION PATTERNS, CONTAMINATED SOIL, CONTINGENT VALUATION, COPPER, COPPER MINE, DECISION MAKING, DEVELOPMENT PLANNING, DEVELOPMENT PLANS, DEVELOPMENT POLICY, DISSEMINATION, ECOLOGY, ECONOMIC ACTIVITY, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC GROWTH, ECONOMIC POLICIES, ECONOMIC VALUE, ECOSYSTEM, EITI, EMISSIONS, ENVIRONMENT AND POPULATION, ENVIRONMENTAL, ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS, ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE, ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES, ENVIRONMENTAL COSTS, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE, ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION, ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENTS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS, ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION, ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES, ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY, ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION, ENVIRONMENTS, EXISTENCE VALUE, EXPLOITATION, EXPLOITATION PERMITS, EXPLORATION ACTIVITIES, EXPLORATION PERMIT, EXTERNALITIES, EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES, EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE, FISHERIES, FLOOD CONTROL, GAS, GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION, GOLD, GOLD MINE, GOLD MINING, GOLD RESERVES, GOOD GOVERNANCE, GROUNDWATER, HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, HEALTH CENTERS, HEAVY METALS, HEDONIC PRICING, HUMAN RIGHTS, INTERNATIONAL CONVENTIONS, IRRIGATION, LAND DEGRADATION, LAND RECLAMATION, LAND RESOURCES, LAND USE, LEACHATE, LEACHATES, LEACHING, LEGAL STATUS, LICENSE FEES, LOCAL AUTHORITIES, LOCAL COMMUNITIES, LOCAL DEVELOPMENT, LOCAL INFRASTRUCTURE, MARKET PRICES, METALS, MIGRATION, MINE CLOSURE, MINE CLOSURE PLAN, MINE OPENING, MINE OPERATIONS, MINE TAILINGS, MINERAL DEPOSITS, MINERAL RESOURCES, MINERAL SECTOR, MINERALS, MINERALS INDUSTRY, MINERALS SECTOR, MINING ACTIVITIES, MINING ACTIVITY, MINING AREAS, MINING COMMUNITIES, MINING COMPANIES, MINING COMPANY, MINING DEVELOPMENT, MINING INDUSTRIES, MINING INDUSTRY, MINING INVESTMENTS, MINING LEGISLATION, MINING OPERATION, MINING OPERATIONS, MINING OPERATORS, MINING PERMITS, MINING POLICIES, MINING PRODUCTS, MINING PROJECT, MINING PROJECTS, MINING REFORM, MINING RIGHTS, MINING SECTOR, MINING TECHNOLOGY, MISMANAGEMENT, MOLYBDENUM, NATURAL CAPITAL, NATURAL RESOURCE, NATURAL RESOURCES, NEUTRALIZATION, NONRENEWABLE RESOURCES, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH, OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY, OIL, OLD MINES, ORE RESERVES, ORES, PARTICULATES, PASTURES, POLICY DECISIONS, POLICY DIALOGUE, POLICY MAKERS, POLLUTION, POLLUTION FEES, PONDS, PRECIOUS METALS, PRIVATIZATION, PRODUCTION PROCESSES, PUBLIC HEALTH, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION, QUALITY OF LIFE, QUALITY STANDARDS, QUARRYING, REACTIVITY, RECYCLING, RENT-SEEKING BEHAVIOR, RESERVE FUND, RESIDUES, RESOURCE CONSERVATION, RESOURCE CURSE, RESOURCE DEPLETION, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, RESPECT, REVENUE MANAGEMENT, REVENUES FROM OIL, RIVERS, RURAL COMMUNITIES, SALT, SCREENING, SEDIMENTATION, SEDIMENTS, SERVICE PROVISION, SEWERAGE, SMELTER, SOCIAL COSTS, SOCIAL COSTS OF MINING, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL IMPACT, SOCIAL IMPACTS OF MINING, SOCIAL ISSUES, SOCIAL TENSIONS, SOCIALLY SUSTAINABLE MINING, SOIL SAMPLES, SOILS, SOLID WASTE, SPOIL HEAPS, STABILIZATION, SUSTAINABILITY, SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH, TAILINGS, TIMBER, TOXIC CHEMICALS, TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE, USE VALUE, WASTE, WASTE MANAGEMENT, WASTES, WASTEWATER, WATER CONTAMINATION, WATER POLLUTION, WATER SUPPLY, WELLS, WILLINGNESS TO PAY, WORKFORCE, ZINC,
Online Access:http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2014/06/19620984/first-thematic-paper-sustainable-strategic-decision-making-mining
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/18958
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