The birth of CIMMYT: pioneering the idea and ideals of international agricultural research
The birth of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in Mexico was an experiment in applying the idea of international agricultural research for development and the ideals for designing international research programs. This paper traces the development and application of these concepts through the common lineage of CIMMYT and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), beginning briefly before World War II and accelerating with the establishment of the Rockefeller Foundation Office of Special Studies (Oficina de Estudios Especiales, or OEE) in Mexico in 1943. Myriad regional and country programs supported by the Rockefeller Foundation and other agencies laid the groundwork and provided lessons for the launch of CGIAR and the rapid expansion of international agricultural research from 1970 onwards as well as, more recently, the creation of CGIAR Research Programs.
|Subjects:||AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, MAIZE, WHEAT, PLANT BREEDING, GENETIC RESOURCES, INNOVATION ADOPTION, PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY, SEED PRODUCTION, FOOD SECURITY, SUSTAINABILITY, RESEARCH POLICIES, ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, CROPPING SYSTEMS, AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, ORGANIZATION OF RESEARCH, DEVELOPING,|
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