Gender profile of climate-smart agriculture in Ghana

In most developing countries, agriculture plays a crucial role in livelihoods and economic development. The sector employs between 60 to 80% of active populations in least developed countries (LDCs) and contributes to a large share in the national GDP (Huyer 2016). However, there is growing evidence that climate change is interacting with multiple stressors of the agricultural sectors of LDCs, challenging efforts to achieving food and nutrition security targets of the sustainable development goals [Partey et al. 2018]. To tackle these challenges, the concept of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) emerged as a solution to transform and reorient agricultural systems to support food security under the new realities of climate change (FAO, 2013). While the concept is recent, and still evolving, many of the practices underlying CSA are not new and used by farmers to cope with various production risks across the world (FAO, 2013). There is now an international consensus that the design and implementation of climate change responses must consider gender-specific differences in the capacity to adapt to and mitigate climate change (FAO and WB, 2017). Indeed, there is a strong gendered inequality in access to resources and opportunities in agriculture sector, resulting in gender productivity gaps (Quisumbing et al., 2014; Huyer 2016). In addition, the gendered inequality and gaps result in gendered vulnerability to climate change and differential adaptive capacity to manage climate risks (Huyer 2020; Huyer and Partey, 2020; Rao et al., 2019, 2020). Climate change affects men, women, boys, and girls differently (FAO and WB, 2017) and poses an increasing risk to food security and the agriculturalsector which is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases (WB, FAO and IFAD, 2015). Thus, the interlink between gender, climate change and CSA is at the heart of recent development research programs. For CSA interventions to be more effective and sustainable, it must be designed to address gender inequalities and discrimination against vulnerable and marginalized groups. While countries are now taking advantage of synthesized countryspecific knowledge on CSA through the country CSA profiles (e.g.: CCAFS profiles,, integrating gender in CSA projects design and implementation is identified as imperative to reducing gender inequalities and enhancing an equal access to and the benefits from agricultural interventions (WB, FAO and IFAD, 2015). This Notwithstanding this, there is limited information on the gender dimensions of the development and adoption of CSA practices. The premise of a gender gap implies that men and women are not starting at the same point when it comes to developing and adopting CSA practices particularly in developing countries where vulnerability to extreme weather and climate variability is highest. Information on gender-sensitive CSA practices, their level of adoption and role in gender empowerment are therefore important knowledge gaps that the gender CSA profile seeks to address in order to inform the integration of gender-responsive actions into agriculture and CSA development plans, policies, investment programs and strategies at multiple scales

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security
Format: Report biblioteca
Published: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security 2021-06
Subjects:climate-smart agriculture, gender, agriculture, food security, climate change,
Online Access:
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags, Be the first to tag this record!