Organización para Estudios Tropicales, (OET), Costa Rica
Bibliografía Nacional en Biología Tropical, (BINABITROP)

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Signatura:Biblioteca OET: NBINA-15831.
Autor: Sodhi, Navjot S, (ed.); Ehrlich, Paul R, (ed.).
Dirección: Harvard University, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Cambridge, MA 02138, US E-mail: pre@stanford.edu.
Título: Conservation Biology for All. Biología de la Conservación para Todos. (ISBN 978-0-19-955424-9.)
P.imprenta: 344 pp. Año 2011. Editorial Oxford, Oxford University Press, GB.
Descriptores: CONSERVATION BIOLOGY; BIODIVERSITY; ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING AND SERVICES; HABITAT DESTRUCTION; HABITAT LOSS; LANDSCAPE FRAGMENTATION; ANTHROPOGENIC OVEREXPLOITATION; INVASIVE SPECIES; CLIMATE CHANGE; FIRE; EXTINCTIONS; CONSERVATION PLANNING AND PRIORITIES; ENDANGERED SPECIES MANAGEMENT; CONSERVATION IN HUMAN-MODIFIED LANDSCAPES; PAYMENT FOR ECOSYSTEM SERVICES; PAYMENT FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES.
COSTA RICA; CENTRAL AMERICA.
MONTEVERDE CLOUD FOREST RESERVE; AREA DE CONSERVACION ARENAL TEMPISQUE.
Resumen: The book contains 16 chapters, which are briefly introduced below: Chapter 1. Conservation biology: past and present. In this chapter, Curt Meine introduces the discipline by tracing its history. He also highlights the interdisciplinary nature of conservation science. Chapter 2. Biodiversity. Kevin J. Gaston defines biodiversity and lays out the obstacles to its better understanding in this chapter. Chapter 3. Ecosystem functioning and services. In this chapter, Cagan H. Sekercioglu recapitulates natural ecosystem functions and services. Chapter 4. Habitat destruction: death by a thousand cuts William F. Laurance provides an overview of contemporary habitat loss in this chapter. He evaluates patterns of habitat destruction geographically and contrasts it in different biomes and ecosystems. He also reviews some of the ultimate and proximate factors causing habitat loss. Chapter 5. Habitat fragmentation and landscape change Conceptual approaches used to understand conservation in fragmented landscapes are summarized in this chapter by Andrew F. Bennett and Denis A. Saunders. They also examine biophysical aspects of landscape change, and how such change affects populations, species, and communities. Chapter 6. Overharvesting Biodiversity is under heavy threat from anthropogenic overexploitation (e.g. harvest for food or decoration or of live animals for the pet trade). For example, bushmeat or wild meat hunting is imperiling many tropical species as expanding human populations in these regions seeknew sources of protein and create potentially profitable new avenues for trade at both local and international levels. In this Chapter, Carlos A. Peres highlights the effects of human exploitation of terrestrial and aquatic biomes on biodiversity. Chapter 7. Invasive species. Daniel Simberloff presents an overview of invasive species, their impacts and management in this chapter. Chapter 8. Climate change. Climate change is quickly emerging as a key issue in the battle to preserve biodiversity. In this chapter, Thomas E. Lovejoy reports on the documented impacts of climate change on biotas. Chapter 9. Fire and biodiversity Evolutionary and ecological principles related to conservation in landscapes subject to regular fires are presented in this chapterby David M. J. S. Bowman and Brett P. Murphy. Chapter 10. Extinctions and the practice of preventing them Stuart L. Pimm and Clinton N. Jenkins explore why extinctions are the critical issue for conservation science. They also list a number of conservation options. Chapter 11. Conservation planning and priorities. In this chapter, Thomas Brooks charts the history, state, and prospects of conservation planning and prioritization in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. He focuses on successful conservation implementation planned through the discipline?s conceptual framework of vulnerability and irreplaceability. Chapter 12. Endangered species management: the US experience. In this chapter, David S. Wilcove focuses on endangered species management, emphasizing the United States of America (US) experience. Because the US has one of the oldest and possibly strongest laws to protect endangered species, it provides an illuminating case history. Chapter 13. Conservation in human-modified landscapes. Lian Pin Kohand Toby A. Gardner discuss the challenges of conserving biodiversity in degraded and modified landscapes with a focus on the tropical terrestrial biome in this chapter. They highlight the extent to which human activities have modified natural ecosystemsand outline opportunities for conserving biodiversity in human-modified landscapes. Chapter 14. The roles of people in conservation. The effective and sustainable protection of biodiversity will require that the sustenance needs of native people are adequately considered. In this chapter, C. Anne Claus, Kai M. A. Chan, and Terre Satterfield highlight that understanding human activities and human roles in conservation is fundamental to effective conservation. Chapter 15. From conservation theory to practice: crossing the divide Madhu Rao and Joshua Ginsberg explore the implementation of conservation science in this chapter. Chapter 16. The conservation biologist's toolbox - principles for the design and analysis of conservation studies. In this chapter, Corey J. A. Bradshaw and Barry W. Brook, discuss measures of biodiversity patterns followed by an overview of experimental design and associated statistical paradigms. They also present the analysis of abundance time series, assessments of species' endangerment, and a brief introduction to genetic tools to assess the conservation status of species. Each chapter includes boxes written by various experts describing additional relevant material, case studies/success stories, or personal perspectives
Compiled by: Organization for Tropical Studies


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