| Notas:|| Incluye bibliografA-a.|
General principles. Experimental approaches and quantitative methods. Crop physiological responses to light, photosyntesis, and respiration. Crop physiological responses to temperature and climatic zones. Crop developmental responses to temperature, photoperiod, and light quality. Radiation and energy balances and predicting crop water use. Crop transpiration and water relations. Crop adaptation to water-limited environments. Hydrologic budget of cropping systems, irrigation, and climatic zones. Crop responses to salinity and other limiting spil conditions. Interaction of crop responses to pests and abiotic factors. Consideration of crop responses to environment in plant breeding.